Canadian Population Demographics


Over the past several years there has been increasing  concern over Canada’s  aging population and declining birth rate.   On November 29, 2007  Statistics Canada released a report in TheDaily on Canada’s  population by age and sex.  As of July 1, 2007 there were  100,800 more seniors (65+) than at the same time last year and it is estimated  that by July 1, 2008  a further 300,000 people will turn 65.

342,176 babies were born in 2005 and the fertility rate was  at 1.54.   Replacement level fertility rate is the  average number of children per woman needed to replace the population while  taking into account mortality rates, according to Statistics Canada .   In order for a country’s fertility rate to be  considered at replacement level the average number of children per woman needs  to be at 2.1.

The Canadian fertility rate has not been at replacement  level since 1971.  In 1960 Canada  recorded its highest fertility rate at 3.6.   From 1960-1971 the fertility rate fell from 3.6 to 2.1 and continued to  steadily decline to an all-time low of 1.49 in the year 2000.  Between 2000 and 2005 the fertility rate  began to inch back up to 1.54 in 2005, still well below replacement.

Canada  has attempted to combat the decreasing fertility rate through immigration;  however, when Statistics Canada released the 2004 population data they  explained that immigration cannot solve the aging population/fertility  problems.  Immigration may actually  contribute to the problem as it raises the overall average age of  Canadians.  In fact, according to this  report “the only way to stop the Canadian ageing process is to increase  fertility.”

Since abortion was decriminalized in 1969, a total of  2,790,166 Canadians have been aborted.   While increasing the population by almost 3 million people would not  completely solve the aging population/fertility problem, those 3 million  Canadians would definitely help.

If you consider that children born between 1974 and 1980 are  now in their prime childbearing years and 433,270 children from this age group  were aborted, that represents 216,635 couples of childbearing age that do not  exist.  If each of these 216,635 couples  each had even 1.5 children that would represent the birth of approximately  324,953 new Canadians.

The number of children aborted between 1994 and 2000 was  almost double that of 1974-1980 and represents half a million missing couples  and three-quarters of a million missing children.  With more than 100,000 abortions occurring  each year, the number of missing citizens continues to multiply.

When abortion was first legalized in 1969, for every child  that was aborted approximately 7 children were born.  In 2004, one child was aborted for  approximately every three that were born.

Another contributing factor to Canada’s  declining fertility rate is ‘voluntary sterilization.’  A 1995 survey conducted by Statistics Canada  found that “4.5 million couples where the women is under the age of 50 (or 46%  of all couples in their reproductive years) were sterile for either natural,  medical or contraceptive reasons.”   Furthermore, 2.7 million women living with a  male partner and of reproductive age were surgically sterilized, 57% of whom  did so for contraceptive purposes.  For  men who were surgically sterilized in 1995, 93% did so to prevent conception.

It is also interesting that Canada’s  fertility rate began to decline when the pill was first introduced in 1961.  Although it was only available by  prescription from a doctor who deemed it necessary for therapeutic reasons,  women began to control their fertility by chemical means.  The pill was completely legalized for use in Canada  in 1969.

 

Statistics Canada.  “Canada’s  population by age and sex.”  The Daily November 29, 2007

Statistics Canada.  “Births.”  The Daily September 21, 2007.

Statistics Canada.  “Canada’s  population by age and sex.”  The Daily October 26, 2006.

Statistics Canada.  “Canada’s  population by age and sex.”  The Daily October 26, 2006.

Statistics Canada.  “Demographic situation in Canada,  1997.”  The Daily June 24, 1998.

Statistics Canada.  “Demographic situation in Canada,  1997.”  The Daily June 24, 1998.

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